Patricia A. Grady is director of the National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR). An internationally recognized researcher, Grady's scientific focus has primarily been in stroke, with emphasis on arterial stenosis and cerebral ischemia. In 1988, Grady joined NIH as an extramural research program administrator in the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) in the areas of stroke and brain imaging. Two years later, she served on the NIH Task Force for Medical Rehabilitation Research, which established the first long-range research agenda for the field of medical rehabilitation research. In 1992, she assumed the responsibilities of NINDS Assistant Director. From 1993 to 1995, she was deputy director and acting director of NINDS. Grady served as a charter member of the NIH Warren Grant Magnuson Clinical Center Board of Governors. Before coming to NIH, Grady held several academic positions and served concurrently on the faculties of the University of Maryland School of Medicine and School of Nursing. She earned her BSN from Georgetown University, her MSN from the University of Maryland, and a doctorate in physiology from the University of Maryland School of Medicine.